The Urban Forest Strategy for Melbourne in Australia (2012 - 2032) seeks to address challenges such as climate change impacts, population growth and urban heating, and protect against future vulnerability by providing a robust strategic framework for the evolution and longevity of Melbourne's urban forest. The dedicated strategy thus aims to (i) adapt the city to climate change, (ii) mitigate the urban heat island effect by bringing our inner-city temperatures down, (iii) create healthier ecosystems, (iv) become a water-sensitive city and (v) engage and involve the community. These aims are to be achieved by increasing the urban canopy cover and forest diversity, improving vegetation health, soil moisture and biodiversity in general and informing and consulting with the community. These aims are divided into six strategies, with one quantitative target each.