Neighbourhood development
The Neighborhood Management in Berlin, Germany ('Quartiersmanagement') is a community-based programme aiming to support disadvantaged urban neighborhoods from being left behind within the city's overall development and to compensate the negative consequences of social disadvantage. Since 1999, the programme channels funds from the Federal-State Urban Development Programme 'Social Cohesion - Living Together in the Neighbourhood' (previous called 'Urban districts with special development needs - the Social City' from 1999-2020) through three neighbourhood schemes: action, construction and project. One aspect of the Berlin Neighborhood Management programme is the creation, maintenance, upgrading and expansion of green and open spaces - e.g. urban gardens - with the involvement and networking of local actors. Since 2020, an additional programme focus is on climate protection and environmental justice. This theme is divided into eight project categories, with one being the open space project category. Urban green spaces are highlighted as key to climate protection and climate adaptation as fresh air corridors, infiltration areas and cooling climate oases. In addition to design (e.g. shading by heat-resistant tree species or sun sails, drinking fountains, permeable surfaces), usage behaviour, maintenance and accessibility are also outlined in the programme as being critical for their effectiveness. A wide range of structural and social tasks are included within the framework of integrated district development, forming the interface between the city administration and residents and other actors from business, foundations and civil society. The five fields of action include: education, training and youth, work and economy, neighbourhood, public space, and participation, networking and involvement of partners. Currently, 34 neighbourhoods in eight districts receive funding through the Berlin Neighborhood Management programme, coming from the 'Social Cohesion Program'. A total of €34 million was available in the programme year 2021.