The Melbourne Metropolitan Parks Improvement Rate, commonly known as the ‘Parks charge’, is an annual levy on commercial and residential properties in the metropolitan Melbourne area in Australia. The parks charge has been included on water, sewage and drainage bills for residential and commercial properties since 1958. The charge is calculated by applying the annual parks charge rate by the properties Net Annual Value, as determined by the Council. The charge appears on each financial year’s first quarter water bill. The funds that are raised go to Parks Victoria, Zoos Victoria, the Royal Botanic Gardens and the Shrine of Remembrance for the development, management and maintenance of metropolitan parks, gardens, trails, waterways, and zoos. Payments from the fund must be used for the management and control of open space, parks and waterways within the metropolitan area for the purposes of conservation, recreation, leisure, tourism and navigation.