Consideration of nature-based solutions:
The Green Belt was conceived as a territorial management tool to address a series of ecological and land use challenges, such as protecting watersheds and forests that are key to the region's biodiversity, controlling the effects of climate change, and reducing the risk of landslides. Green Belt areas will be declared nature reserves. The Green Belt also aims to provide citizens with new green spaces for recreation, education and community gatherings. The objectives of this intervention are:
1. address sprawl and decrease disasters (Greenbelt areas will be declared nature reserves); 2. increase energy efficiency and reduce the number of disasters (Greenbelt areas will be declared nature reserves).
2. Increase the city's energy efficiency through the implementation of solar panels in the park.
3. Retain carbon emissions (climate change mitigation through a forest carbon sequestration project, Más Bosques para Medellín, which operates within the voluntary carbon market).
4. Provide citizens with new spaces for recreation, education, sports, and community gatherings.
5. Deliver an environmental education program that promotes green practices that contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Within the Green Belt project, pre-existing ecosystems are protected and urban parks are created. The Green Belt keeps the city within a more limited space, with the goal of protecting green areas around Medellín so that the city can be more resilient to climate change.
Targeted (peri-)urban areas:
Parks and (semi)natural urban green areas
Green areas for water management
Urban green space connected to grey infrastructure
Good practice characteristics:
Multifunctional NBS support
Sustainable in the long-term