The Main Green Structure is a planning instrument initiated in 2003 that protects Amsterdam's metropolitan green structure. It delimits a minimum required amount of green areas that the city wants to safeguard to be a "livable and sustainable city," consisting of areas that are deemed valuable for the metropolis so that they can deliver the services of promoting green recreation, improving the living environment, and increasing biodiversity. All new plans or initiatives in areas that are part of the Main Green Structure must be approved by the mayor or aldermen early in the planning process. To receive approval, developments must be assessed to contribute to the development of ecosystem services in the Main Green Structure. The policy instrument was introduced in 2003, and has been revised and recently expanded. The Amsterdam City Council voted on the most recent update to the Main Green Structure policy in 2022, which will be valid for ten years. The Main Green Structure instrument originates from the 1996 structural plan "The open city," and has evolved through subsequent long-term plans, such as Amsterdam Structure Vision 2040 and Amsterdam Green Infrastructure 2050.