The ‘Mountain Forest Initiative’ (Bergwaldoffensive) was launched in 2008 by the Bavarian Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry in Germany to restore the protective function of the vulnerable alpine forest in light of climate change. To ensure engagement, the initiative targets local forest agencies to establish collaborative arrangements with various stakeholders to facilitate measures for adaptation to climate change in private forests. Bavaria's Mountain Forest Initiative aims to facilitate adaptation to climate change through silvicultural measures, rejuvenation of tree stands, and re-creation of protective areas in privately-owned and community forests.