Achieved outcomes and impacts:
The initiative led to strengthened capacity to address climate hazards/natural disasters via water management and blue areas via the increased protection against flooding, green space and habitat management as well as to an increased number of protection area and green spaces. The initiative also targets urban forest cover. As one example, hunting in Immenstadt's municipal forest (1000 ha) has been carried out has been self-managed since 2013. Other outcomes include, inter alia, 170 km of forest paths that have been built in 48 project areas in a nature-compatible manner.
Success factors and lessons learned:
According to Bavarian government officials, the success of the mountain forest offensive is due to the intensive involvement of all local interest groups. These include forest owners, alpine farmers, hunters, local authorities and administrations, and even the business community. Their involvement and sense of ownership was supported by various guidelines in the early stage of the implementation, multi-stakeholder-based mountain forest steering committees, project-based forums and round tables. Such round tables, for instance, included discussions on the relocation of a hiking trail in order to better protect a young forest, or large-scale measures such as the use of helicopters for logging. These targeted and well-established exchange formats were key to the success of the initiative. the The Bavarian Forestry Minister stated in 2019 "Through close and trusting cooperation, it has been possible to develop locally appropriate strategies for the protection of mountain forests and to implement them quickly". Previously, such projects had often failed due to small-scale ownership structures, difficult soil conditions, unclear boundaries and poor development. Therefore, the mountain forest initiative will remain a focus of Bavarian forestry policy in the future.